Moving On

Let’s Think About Appaloosa Genetics and the Eyes
—–by Kay Jackson, December 8, 2017
SON – CSNB———–SIRE- Uveitis

K Bar Sugarbear —– Dam of JBS Sham Again – No CSNB Possible

I am not a scientist and certainly no expert in the world of Appaloosa genetics.  However, in the past few years I have learned that LP is the presence of the Leopard Complex gene responsible for Appaloosa characteristics, and lp is used to note the absence of the LP gene.  A horse may or may not inherit these genes, one from each parent, and together they determine the extent of Appaloosa characteristics of the foal.  Simplified, a horse with no spots in its coat pattern is usually LPLP while a horse with spots is usually LPlp, and a horse with no spots or other characteristics is lplp.  Please remember this explanation is highly simplified and I am not an expert.

I owned an LPlp Appaloosa stallion (J.B.’s Sham-O-Kin) who developed Uveitis later in life.  I also owned his son (JBS Sham Again), an LPLP Appaloosa stallion who is said to have been born with Congenital Stationary Night Blindness (CSNB) as a result of inheriting two copies of LP, one from his sire and one from his dam.  I know first hand that Uveitis and CSNB are two very different and often misunderstood eye conditions somewhat common to Appaloosas but also possible in other breeds.  To add to the confusion, I believe some people refer to both CSNB and Uveitis as Moon Blindness!  I’m not going there.

J.B.’s Sham-O-Kin, my LPlp, lived most of his life here with me beginning before the age of two. JBS Sham Again, my LPLP, was bred and born here, and spent 99.9% of his life here. I know how they were affected throughout their lives.

My LPlp who developed Uveitis later in life was without a doubt in pain at the end and the most difficult heartbreak to manage; he was put down at age 31. It has been my experience and understanding that Uveitis is an acquired disease that takes both day and night vision. It can begin quite suddenly at any age, usually when they are older. Uveitis is painful and progressive. There is a new vaccine to prevent Uveitis which my LPLP was getting. Please ask your vet about the Uveitis vaccine! Uveitis is a horrible disease any breed can get.
 

My LPLP never ever gave me ANY reason to believe sight was an issue for him, day or night, not even recently when tumors were removed from his eyes.  CSNB has only become confirmed recently after limited/questionable research by The Appaloosa Project.  I don’t mean to discredit The Appaloosa Project but want to point out that it was a study of only 30 selected Appaloosas.  I find their research valuable but believe there is still more to learn.

When I learned about CSNB and the likelihood that my stallion was affected by it, I added night lights outside his barn where he always enjoyed free choice in or out. I don’t think he needed them but thought of it as if I turned on a light in the house at night – convenient for both of us but no big deal. I wish he had worn UV protection earlier but that is an entirely different issue of sun damage to light skin which can occur in any breed.

CSNB is a genetic condition the horse is born with; it is NOT a disease nor a precursor to diseases like cancer or Uveitis. If current studies are correct, CSNB only affects night vision, is not painful, and doesn’t progress although it appears to affect different horses to different degrees; mine never exhibited ANY symptoms, ever. There is no way to prevent CSNB in Appaloosas without eventually losing all color patterns in the breed best known for beautiful color patterns. I would not call LPlp a “carrier” as a single copy of LP is simply half of the combination studies say is required to result in CSNB; it is not a carrier of anything.  However, LP is necessary for desirable Appaloosa characteristics including mottled skin, white sclera, and striped hooves, in addition to coat color patterns. That is very different from genetic defects tested in the five panel that can be completely eliminated in one generation with no detrimental effect on any Breed.
 
With an abundance of quality authentic Appaloosa blood available, I would not breed an LPLP to an LPLP but I would not be alarmed if it happened.  My LPLP was only capable of passing LP so it was determined by their (LPlp) dams whether his foals would be heterozygous (one copy) or homozygous (two copies) LP. At this time he has three LPLP foals on the ground with no vision issues yet noticed and reported. I made sure their owners were aware of the possibilities before they bred or bought them so they won’t be alarmed if they notice any genetic vision issues.  If current studies are correct, breeding to lplp is the ONLY way to completely eliminate the possibility of CSNB … and all the Appaloosa characteristics that go with it.
 
Two foals by my LPLP from registered NC (lplp) Appaloosa mares are due in spring 2018. Please stand by! Pictures of these foals and mares will be posted on this website.
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Moving On
September 2017
Chelsea & Joker August 6, 2015

Chelsea & Joker
August 6, 2015

The old line Appaloosas were bred for beauty, strength, stamina, sound minds, and versatility.  Versatility of these old lines is key while modern Appaloosas are often bred for one specific discipline.   While I enjoy and appreciate horses of most types and colors, my focus continues to be on the old line authentic/Foundation Appaloosa as defined and carefully selected by the founders of the ApHC – the ApHC Foundation Appaloosa.  There is no reason they can’t do it all.
I am proud to have made a very small contribution to that goal by bringing Chelsea, Joker, and Ivory into the world.  Although Sham’s contribution was cut short, two more foals will honor his legacy in 2018.  Please click “Mares” in the menu as we update news of their arrival.
Chelsea and Joker have moved on to bright new futures with Mary and Sue.  Chelsea’s full sister, Ivory, is still available after being removed from the market when a buyer contracted her as a weanling and then cancelled nearly a year later; Renee continued Ivory’s ground training and she is ready to meet her new people!  Be sure to follow them all on their pages of this website and on our Facebook page. Their sire and grandsire are at peace but never forgotten.
This page will be used for special announcements and information about all types of Appaloosas going forward.  Just facts, no opinions.  My goal is to provide valid and accurate unbiased information geared toward the true authentic/ApHC Foundation Appaloosa.   Ideally, I would love to persuade you to help in the revival of the endangered Foundation Appaloosa.  The choice is yours, of course, and no choice is wrong.
To discuss ideas and ask questions, please join the closed Facebook Group – Registered Appaloosas – Uncensored.  The comments section of the pinned post lists an unbiased description of most Appaloosa registries, clubs and associations to help you find the group or groups that best fits your goals.  They are all good but different.  There is absolutely no need to consider one better than another.
My barn is empty but this beautiful, smart, loyal, and trusting breed is forever in my heart.  If I can help you learn more about it, please don’t hesitate to ask.  I’m no expert but I know people who are.  If I can’t answer your question I would be happy to help you find someone who can!
—–Kay Jackson